Everything About the BCA

What is the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan

  • A one-day meeting dedicated to Afghanistan.
  • For the Afghan Government it will be an opportunity to set out its vision for the future by presenting the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework and to showcase its track record on reforms.
  • For the international community it will be an occasion to send a strong political and financial message in support of peace, state-building and development in Afghanistan and to reaffirm its commitment to Afghanistan’s future peace, stability, prosperity by keeping support at or near current levels.

When is the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan

  • The main conference will be on 5 October 2016.
  • Two side events on 4 October 2016 will focus on Gender and Regional Economic Cooperation respectively.

Why are we holding the Brussels Conference

  • At the Tokyo Conference in 2012, it was agreed that a series of ministerial meetings on Afghanistan will be held to support progress in Afghanistan.
  • The Brussels Conference is the second of these meetings.
  • The first one was the London Conference on Afghanistan in 2014.

Who will host the Conference

  • The Government of Afghanistan and the European Union will co-host the Conference.
  • President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah will represent Afghanistan.
  • President of the European Council Donald Tusk will represent the EU.
  • A full list of officials accompanying the President and Chief Executive will be distributed in due course.

Who will attend from the International Community

  • Representatives from 70 countries and 30 international organizations and agencies will attend.

What level is the participation

  • We expect participation at the Foreign Minister level or above.
  • International organizations will be represented by their leadership

Why is the Brussels Conference important

  • Financial commitments made at Tokyo (2012) were projected until 2016.
  • The Brussels Conference will secure commitments until 2020.
  • But Afghanistan must also keep its SMAF commitments.
  • Since 2001, Afghanistan and its partners have made significant investments.
  • But there are still a lot more that needs to be done.
  • Afghanistan remains fragile; there are significant political, security and economic challenges.
  • Strong partnerships are required to make sure reforms takes hold and Afghanistan succeeds in its goal of achieving self-reliance in the Transformation decade.
  • The risks are real and strong commitments from our international partners are need to make sure that we root out terrorism and violent extremism; and that we build strong institutions that are able to deliver quality basic services to all Afghan citizens.

What is the difference between Brussels and Warsaw

  • the Warsaw NATO Summit which was held in July was related to security.
  • The Warsaw Summit saw NATO member states making a strong commitment to support Afghanistan’s security needs until 2020.
  • Brussels is the civilian counterpart to Warsaw.
  • The achievements of Warsaw will be incomplete without an equally strong expression of support in Brussels.
  • Security and development go hand in hand – one cannot exist without the other.

What does the international community expect from the Government of Afghanistan

  • The Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF).
  • Anew set of National Priority Programs (NPPs), including 4 completed NPPs.
  • A new set of specific and time-bound commitments for the period 2017-20 under a refreshed SMAF.
  • An account of the achievements of the Nation Unity Government against specific commitments.

What does the government expect from the International Community

  • A strong political message in support of Afghanistan, its future and the government’s reforms agenda.
  • A strong commitment to peace and prosperity in Afghanistan; reaffirming that Afghanistan will not stand alone.
  • A strong financial commitment in support of the SMAF to 2020.
  • A commitment to on-budget modalities and alignment of aid to government priorities as outline in the ANPDF.
  • A political momentum for reinforced regional cooperation.

What are the two side events

Regional Economic Cooperation — Regional Integration and Prosperity

  • This event is expected to generate political support at the highest levels, identify financing gaps, and determine next steps for realistic regional economic cooperation projects.
  • Our goal is to mobilize political will from all regional actors to move regional integration forward and realize the region’s true potential.
  • The focus will be on the role of regional cooperation and economic integration to promote stability and prosperity for Afghanistan and its neighbors.
  • This is an important pillar of our foreign policy.
  • CASA-1000, TAPI, TUTAP, and the Chabahar projects are examples of tangible steps.
  • These initiatives will bring us closer, and provide financial, socio-economic, political and security benefits for the entire region.
  • Regional cooperation can provide a platform for our interests to converge, build confidence and provide incentives for peace.

Gender — Empowered Women, Prosperous Afghanistan

  • This event will send a strong signal about the high priority attached by the government to the protection and empowerment of Afghan women.
  • The Government will outline progress and plans on the protection and empowerment of women.
  • The SMAF has identified the protection and empowerment of women as a top development priority.
  • The NPP on the Economic Empowerment of Women will launch in advance of the Conference.
  • Government budgets have factored in the costs for implementing UN Resolution 1325 and the NPP for the Economic Empowerment of Women.
  • The government is committed to appointing qualified female officials to key positions. Six deputy ministers across government ministries, Deputy of High Peace Council and deputy of Attorney General.
  • Women are more in senior government positions than at any time in Afghan history.
  • Note: Significant improvements been made in the lives of women and girls across the political, economic and social spheres. Nonetheless, the situation of Afghan women is fragile. Women in Afghanistan face widespread discrimination, human rights abuses, and major barriers to participating in the economy.

Will there be bilateral meetings

  • Bilateral meetings will be held on sidelines of the Conference; details will be finalized closer to the date.

What role does civil society play

  • Civil society provides important input into all national processes.
  • They are consulted on all issues of national importance and policy initiatives.
  • A parallel civil society process is ongoing for the Brussels Conference.
  • A Civil society side event is scheduled on 3 October in Brussels.
  • There will be civil society representation at the Conference with 10 representatives form Afghan NGOs and 10 from International NGOs.
  • A representative will make a statement on behalf of civil society at the main conference.
  • There will be extensive civil society participation at the gender side event.

What is the ANPDF

  • The Afghanistan’s National Peace and Development Policy Framework (ANPDF) is the government’s five-year strategy for achieving self-reliance.
  • It provides high-level guidance to the government and stakeholders.
  • It sets out an economic, political and security outlook for the Government’s approach to development.
  • It is supported by a fiscal strategy that will guide the Government in how it uses the budget to support policy goals, and ensure the sustainable management of public investments.
  • The ANPDF articulates the Government’s development priorities, both immediate and long term, and the process for realizing development goals.
  • It highlights key reforms and investments that will be needed to achieve development goals.
  • It lays out a framework for international partners to have confidence that more flexible support to the budget will be matched by increased accountability and performance.

What is the refreshed SMAF

What are the 39 SMAF commitments

  • In 2015, the Government of Afghanistan and the International community agreed to 39 commitments in The self-reliance through mutual accountability framework (SMAF).
  • The Brussels Conference will reconfirm this framework up until 2020, based on evidence of progress delivered on mutual commitments.
  • You can track progress against commitments here.

What are the New NPPs

  • The eleven new National Priority Programs (NPPs) are outcome focused thematic programs that will guide the budgetary allocation of resources.
  • They will help the government to direct resources into areas that will have the greatest national impact.

What is the Transformation Decade

  • The ten-year period (2015-2024) during which we hope to see Afghanistan become less reliant on aid, build well-functioning institutions, and a sustainable economy.
  • It is the government’s blue print for change, hope and confidence in a better future.
  • But the goal of self-reliance depends of continued strong partnerships.
  • We time and support to make sure that our reforms take hold and pay dividends.


Where can I find more information

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What about media request

Please contact Ajmal Hameed Abdulrahimzai, Spokesperson and Director of Communication at the Ministry of Finance for the most up to date information and to direct media enquiries to the most appropriate channel.
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